Document Type

Poster Presentation

Publication Date

2-27-2021

Abstract

I will be discussing firearm mortality within the United States, how gun-carry laws effect the rate of gun violence, as well as what factors influence firearm mortality. The data was collected from government databases such as the CDC and the Census Bureau for 2005 and 2014-2018. An analysis was first conducted based on the states' gun-carry laws and its effect on firearm mortality. The 50 states were divided into the gun-carry laws recognized by the United States open carry with no permit required, open carry with permit required, concealed carry with permit required, and open carry with permit required and limitation on usage and restricted areas. The years were averaged and plotted on a boxplot to reveal which category had the highest prevalence of firearm mortality. Using ANOVA and t-testing, the results revealed open carry with no permit requirement having a statistically significant p-value (<0.001) while all the other categories had no significance. This indicated that states participating in open carry with no permit requirement had the highest overall rates of firearm mortality. To further this project a search for possible contributing factors was conducted, determining suicide, poverty and alcoholism as possible determinents. The occurrence rate of each factor was collected for 2005, and 2014 to 2018 and averaged. These data points were then individually placed into scatterplots and measured against firearm data to determine significant correlations. A simple regression analysis of the data revealed that poverty and suicide had a positive correlation with firearm mortality (p-value<0.001), whereas alcoholism had no correlation (p-value>0.05). The positive correlation between contributing factors and firearm mortality is significant because factors such as suicide and poverty could be targeted and reduced within specific areas or states and reduce firearm mortality as a consequence.

Conference/Symposium

Florida Undergraduate Research Conference (FURC)

Department

College of Arts and Sciences

Comments

The 2021 Florida Undergraduate Research Conference (FURC) was virtual.

Lecher Reece Firearm mortality rate PPT FURC2021.pdf (336 kB)
US Firearm Mortality Rate as Influenced by Gun Carry Laws and Contributing Factors (Presentation)


Share

COinS
 
 

To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.