I will be discussing firearm mortality within the United States, how gun-carry laws effect the rate of gun violence, as well as what factors influence firearm mortality. The data was collected from government databases such as the CDC and the Census Bureau for 2005 and 2014-2018. An analysis was first conducted based on the states' gun-carry laws and its effect on firearm mortality. The 50 states were divided into the gun-carry laws recognized by the United States open carry with no permit required, open carry with permit required, concealed carry with permit required, and open carry with permit required and limitation on usage and restricted areas. The years were averaged and plotted on a boxplot to reveal which category had the highest prevalence of firearm mortality. Using ANOVA and t-testing, the results revealed open carry with no permit requirement having a statistically significant p-value (<0.001) while all the other categories had no significance. This indicated that states participating in open carry with no permit requirement had the highest overall rates of firearm mortality. To further this project a search for possible contributing factors was conducted, determining suicide, poverty and alcoholism as possible determinents. The occurrence rate of each factor was collected for 2005, and 2014 to 2018 and averaged. These data points were then individually placed into scatterplots and measured against firearm data to determine significant correlations. A simple regression analysis of the data revealed that poverty and suicide had a positive correlation with firearm mortality (p-value<0.001), whereas alcoholism had no correlation (p-value>0.05). The positive correlation between contributing factors and firearm mortality is significant because factors such as suicide and poverty could be targeted and reduced within specific areas or states and reduce firearm mortality as a consequence.
Florida Undergraduate Research Conference (FURC)
College of Arts and Sciences
Reece, J. N., & Lecher, A. L. (2021, February 26-27). United States firearm mortality rate as influenced by gun carry laws and contributing factors [Poster presentation]. Florida Undergraduate Research Conference (FURC), United States.