Date of Award

11-21-2003

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PHD)

Department

College of Education

First Advisor

Carole Warshaw

Second Advisor

Cheryl Serrano

Third Advisor

Lindsey Craig Willis

Abstract

Homeland security measures and the preparation of local law enforcement are reviewed, in light of September 11, 2001, to determine their effect on the Constitutional rights of citizens, the delivery of law enforcement services, e.g., call response and the training methodologies, and the fiscal impact to fulfill the new policing mandates. The study reviews aggressive measures, normally vested with federal law enforcement agencies, to determine if local police are also utilizing similar methods for the sake of national security and if such measures are undermining ethical and legal practices previously exercised by local police. This research also examines the distinction between accredited and nonaccredited law enforcement agencies as it relates to post September llth practices. The findings were gained through interviews at 7 local police agencies of 8 law enforcement executives, who provided rich narrative perspectives showing that their agencies: (a) still abided by Constitutional principles by not engaging in bias-based policing; (b) the impact on calls for services was limited to a few weeks following 9/11, 6 months later were back to normal, and are currently at pre-9/11 levels; (c) training practices have changed; and (d) little or no funding was received by the agencies from the federal government for training or equipment and the fiscal impact was either absorbed by the agency or equipment was not obtained.

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